Lead-Free Products

Copper Alloy UNS No. Cu% Pb% Sn% Zn% Fe% P% Ni% Al% Bi% Mn% S% Sb% Si%
C89325 84.00-88.00 0.1 9.00-11.00 1 0.15 0.1 1.003 0.005 2.70-3.70 0.08 0.5 0.005
C89831 87.00-91.00 0.1 2.70-3.70 2.00-4.00 0.3 0.05 1.003 0.005 2.70-3.70 0.08 0.25 0.005
C89833 86.00-91.00 0.09 4.00-6.00 2.00-6.00 0.3 0.05 1.003 0.005 1.70-2.70 0.08 0.25 0.005
C89835* 85.00-89.00 0.09 6.00-7.50 2.00-4.00 0.2 0.1 1.003 0.005 1.70-2.70 0.08 0.35 0.005
C89844 83.00-86.00 0.2 3.00-5.00 7.00-10.00 0.3 0.05 1.003 0.005 2.00-4.00 0.08 0.25 0.005
C90300* 86.00-89.001 0.3 7.50-9.00 3.00-5.00 0.2 0.052 1.003 0.005 0.05 0.2 0.005
C90800 85.00-90.001 0.25 11.00-13.00 0.25 0.15 0.302 0.503 0.005 0.05 0.2 0.005
C90810 Rem.1 0.25 11.00-13.00 0.3 0.15 0.15-0.802 0.503 0.005 0.05 0.2 0.005
C95400* 83.00 min 3.00-5.00 1.503 10.00-11.50 0.5
C95500* 78.00 min 3.00-5.00 3.00-5.503 10.00-11.50 3.5
C95900* Rem. 3.00-5.00 0.503 12.00-13.50 1.5
*Standard-stocked alloy.      1In determining Cu min., Cu may be calculated as Cu + Ni.      2For continuous castings, P shall be 1.5%, max.
3Ni value includes Co.      Note: Unless otherwise noted, single values represent maximums.

Ranging from aluminum bronze to high tin bronze, our Lead-Free Alloys are manufactured to ASTM B standards and specifications and meet the requirements of "3874 Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act" and California legislation "AB1953." At Concast, we promise to deliver a broad range of alloys that are free of the elements that threaten health and the environment. Our GreenAlloys™ have extremely low lead content, often as low as .05%. Concast manufactures a wide selection of low-lead and no-lead copper bronze alloys, in which we replace lead with other elements while still offering exceptional lubricity, tightness, wear, strength, hardness and machinability.



Bismuth tin bronze is a copper alloy which typically contains 1-3% bismuth, although some can contain over 6% Bi. This bronze alloy is very corrosion-resistant, making it suitable for use in environments such as the ocean. Bismuth tin bronzes are more malleable, thermally conductive, and polish better than regular brasses. This line of no-lead bronze alloys that Concast produces includes C89320, C89325, C89831, C89833, C89835 and C89844.

Specifically, alloy C89835 is a C932 lead-free replacement alloy and is offered as a standard-stocked product. Concast maintains an inventory of this alloy numbering over 90 items and in sizes up to 4.0" O.D. C89835 supports the market demand for lead-free material and compliance with the 3874 Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act (effective January 2014).

C89835 C89325 C89831 C89833 C89844


The bronze alloys which are described as tin bronzes have long been recognized for their low lead content (less than .25% lead) and high strength characteristics. These alloys from C90300 through C91000 and C91300 are not materially different than those produced more than 3,500 years ago in Europe and China.

High tin bronze alloys are typically found in gears as well as high-strength bushing and bearing applications where high strength, low speeds and heavy loads are present. Other high-strength applications for these alloys are pump impellers, piston rings, steam fittings and valve bodies. High tin bronze castings are utilized in movable bridge components, turntables for bridges and other structures for fixed and expansion bearings with slow or intermittent movement with heavy loads.

C90800 C90810 C90300


Aluminum bronze is the highest strength standard copper-based alloy. Concast produces C95400, C95500 and C95900 in standard sizes of rounds, tubes and rectangles. Aluminum, in conjunction with iron and nickel in C95500, acts as a strengthener in these alloys. All of the aluminum bronzes can be heat treated, further increasing tensile strengths.



C89520,or Envirobrass II, is a lead-free metal alloy created with the concern in mind that water delivery systems should not interfere with water quality. For many years, brass has been the choice for plumbing equipment such as meters and valves. But even high-quality brass contains 8% lead. Envirobrass II alloys offer the foundry industry modern, environmentally friendly no-lead bronze alloys that are able to meet the stringent requirements of current water purity regulations. Federal regulations limit the amount of lead permitted in public drinking water. Envirobrass II removes the concern of lead leaching into drinking water from in-line plumbing components..



Apart from providing excellent anti-friction and anti-wear properties for bearing alloys, lead is considered an environmentally hazardous material. Lead content in bearing bronze varies depending on the application and, in some cases, is fairly low. However, disposal of waste material from fabrication processes, disposal of used bearings, and contamination of lubricants can cause serious environmental and health concerns. Regulations prohibit the use of lead in plumbing applications as well as bearing materials.

As an answer to these concerns, another subcategory of lead-free replacement bronze alloys has been noted in the bronze industry, titled lead-free bearing bronze. This lead-free, environmentally friendly copper-based bearing material is designed for high speed/load applications. Bronzes in this group of alloys, also noted above, include C89835, C90300, C95400, C95500 and C95900.

C95500 C95900